A short sale is a sale of real estate in which the proceeds from the sale do not cover the balance owed on a loan or loans on the property. Lenders, quite simply, accept a discounted payoff on the loan and allow the sale to close escrow. The bank or mortgage lender will agree to discount the loan due to an economic hardship in the part of the mortgagor, the homeowner will sell the mortgaged property for less than the outstanding balance of the loan, turn over the proceeds to the lender or bank, most often in full satisfaction of the debt. A short sale is accomplished through negotiation with a bank’s loss mitigation or workout department on the part of the real estate professional, but the lender has the right to approve or disapprove any proposed sale. Main factors contributing to the lender’s decision are the borrower’s financial situation and the current state of the real estate market.